Glomerular Apparatus

Glomerular Apparatus

General Considerations All nephrons have one glomerular apparatus each. Each glomerular apparatus is a critical contributor to the renal function. Here are the functions performed by the glomerular apparatus. Notice that the tubular secretion and reabsorption is not...
Introduction to the Urine Formation

Introduction to the Urine Formation

Urine is formed in the kidney’s nephrons by a combination of following three processes: Filtration Tubular Secretion Reabsorption Note: some books mention excretion and water conservation as processes as well. We feel that the excretion is not a process of urine...
Renal Physiology – General Concepts

Renal Physiology – General Concepts

Kidneys perform following categories of functions: Homeostasis Urine Formation Hormone Secretion Homeostasis Kidney play a critical role to maintain healthy serum, interstitial, and intracellular  environments. Here are the some of the homeostatic functions that...
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